Create gardens taking into account the exposure
Creating gardens means taking into account, first of all, some fundamental parameters that cannot be ignored for the creation of a green space. One of these is certainly represented by exposure to the sun: if it is true, in fact, that the best is to the south, or at most to the south-west, as it is always in contact with the sun (therefore ideal for cold areas, while in hot areas the risk of too high temperatures or scalding is resolved very simply by making adequate shelters), it is necessary to dispel the myth that the one to the south is the worst. In reality, this is not the case, since exposure to the north has the advantage of not being subject to temperature variations or sudden violent temperature changes, as well as damaging frosts, since the ground cools and heats up very quickly, and in a anything but abrupt. An exposure to the east, on the other hand, means that the garden receives the sun's rays from the morning, but only until the very first hours of the afternoon: in other words, it heats up quickly and cools down just as quickly. For this reason, the lands exposed to the east, as well as being sensitive to any late frosts, are not advisable for fruit trees and especially for plants with early flowering. Conversely, a land facing west will be ideal for plants that prefer the sun, even more so if rustic, given that it will be cold in the winter, but particularly hot during the summer.
The design of the gardens cannot, however, concern only the aesthetic aspect, in the sense that it must also deal with functionality. For this reason it is opportune to ask oneself about the people who will have to use that garden: in short, an elderly couple will have different needs than a family with children (trivially, the former will prefer a rocking chair or a gazebo - even small ones - which face shadow, while the latter will opt to buy a slide or some other game for the little ones). On the other hand, even the presence of animals will have to be carefully weighed: particularly delicate plants will be prohibited, unless they are fenced off and kept away from possible "assaults" by dogs or cats.
Budget to make gardens
It is understood, however, that any idea or project clashes, in reality, with the available budget. If it is true, in short, that a nice and tidy garden is a safe investment, in the sense that it allows the value of the house to grow, it is equally true that it is preferable to come to terms right away, so as to avoid leaving the works unfinished . This is why it is essential to make an initial estimate, establishing right away the amount you intend to spend. The realization of the green space, on the other hand, will be carried out differently depending on the house where it is located: it is clear, in short, that if it is a secondary house, which is used only a few times a year, it will have to be equipped with plants able to survive independently, or to concentrate the blooms only in the periods in which the house is frequented. With regard to the relationship with the home, it is important to highlight how a garden cannot be considered perfectly completed if it does not fit stylistically into the context to which it belongs. In short, between the home, the plants, the materials and the overall style of the area, it would be preferable to create a rather tight bond, so as to be able to create an environment as homogeneous as possible. Just to give an example, the plants located near the walls should enhance them: placing species with bright and clear leaves near dark colored walls, or, on the contrary, species with dark green leaves next to light walls. Moreover, places of rest and paths must not be missing.
Subdivide and delimit areas
In the case of a very large area, it will be possible to divide it into thematic areas, or into functional areas: on the one hand, the area dedicated to children with their games, for example, on the other hand, the area destined for the vegetable garden and crops which then will end up on the table (and therefore must stay away from the herbicide), on the other side still a relaxation area, and so on. Nothing prevents you from separating the different areas, delimiting them with hedges, a low wall, vases or borders, according to taste.
From the practical point of view, a factor that significantly affects the success of the garden is constituted by the climatic conditions: in the area, in fact, due to the presence of the plants a micro-climate is created, on which however the presence also affects of any buildings or large trees nearby. In fact, their action is exercised above all against the wind. While a hedge constitutes a rather effective obstacle compared to gusts, a building (and in general a fixed structure, as any wall can be) gives rise to the opposite effect, since the wind, banging against it, triggers turbulence that could be harmful for the garden or for particularly delicate plants. Without forgetting, among other things, that trees and buildings can shade the ground.