Winemaking is considered a real art that needs to be trained for more than one year. However, everyone can make a homemade wine drink. Before that, it is recommended that you familiarize yourself with how to make wine from grapes.
The benefits and harms of homemade wine
Grape drink, like other alcohol, can be beneficial and harmful. Therefore, a person who is seriously interested in winemaking should familiarize himself with the advantages and disadvantages of wine.
Of all the varieties of wine, it is the grape drink that brings the greatest benefit. It contains trace elements that will help prevent diseases such as:
- heart attack;
- digestive problems;
- urolithiasis disease.
Also, properly prepared homemade wine helps to strengthen weakened bones and remove accumulated radiation from the body. However, such a drink also has disadvantages, which include the following:
- contributes to the exacerbation of asthma symptoms;
- provokes the appearance of allergies;
- negatively affects the health of people who are sick with cirrhosis of the liver and hypertension.
General rules for making wine from grapes
Before you start cooking, it is recommended that you familiarize yourself with the main rules for preparing a drink. These include the following:
- To create a drink, you must use only ripe grapes. Unripe grapes are too sour and should not be used.
- It is imperative to observe the optimal proportions of the ingredients. To do this, the drink must be prepared strictly according to the recipe.
- Containers for further fermentation must be sterilized in advance. For sterilization, it is pre-treated with steam.
The best varieties
It is no secret that there are various grape varieties, but not all of them are suitable for making wine. People who are going to prepare a grape drink in the future should use one of the following varieties:
- Chardonnay. It is considered the most famous grape used for making wine. Ripe Chardonnay berries have a unique grape aroma. When preparing a wine drink from this variety, you must use wooden barrels.
- Muscat. This variety is popular with winemakers. It has a pleasant floral aroma and sweet taste.
- Riesling. A popular grape often used to make wine drinks. Its distinctive feature is its taste, which resembles the taste of pears or apples.
Selection and preparation of raw materials
Particular attention is paid to the selection of grapes from which the drink will be created. Experienced winemakers advise to prepare a drink only from ripe fruits, as unripe berries are too sour. Overripe grapes will not work either, as vinegar fermentation quickly begins in it, due to which the must can deteriorate.
Also, you cannot add carrion to the wine, as it will cause the liquid to have an unpleasant earthy taste.
The berries selected for winemaking must be sorted out in advance in order to get rid of rotten fruits. Also, all leaves with branches are removed from the brushes, which will negatively affect the taste of the liquid.
How to make grape wine at home
There are eight recipes that can be used to make a fragrant wine from grape berries.
Classic step by step recipe
To create wine correctly, many people use a step-by-step recipe for preparation. To do this, you need the following ingredients:
- ten kilograms of grapes;
- three kilos of granulated sugar.
Before making a drink, all grape berries must be poured into an enamel container and transferred. The filled container is then covered with gauze and left to ferment for five days. After that, grape juice is filtered, which is poured into jars and mixed with sugar. A water seal is put on the neck of the filled cans. After 3-4 weeks, homemade wine is decanted into bottles, which are closed with corks and transferred to the cellar for storage.
A simple recipe for wine with the addition of water
You can prepare a delicious wine drink with the additional addition of water. To create such a drink, you must:
- five kilograms of grapes;
- four kilos of sugar;
- eight liters of water.
First, all the berries are poured into a saucepan and pounded, after which they are covered with sugar and filled with water. The container with the mixture is covered with a rag and transferred to a warm room for fermentation. After ten days, the wort is poured into jars, which are covered with rubber gloves. Fermentation lasts a month and a half, after which the liquid is poured into bottles.
Dry white wine
Many novice winemakers want to make a dry grape drink with their own hands. To do this, you will have to prepare the following ingredients:
- 7-8 kilograms of berries;
- 500-600 grams of sugar.
The berries are crumpled in advance using a colander, after which the resulting juice is poured into a jar. She is transferred to a room where the temperature is at twenty degrees Celsius. After 3-4 days, the liquid is filtered and poured into a clean container. It is closed with a water seal and left to ferment for another 2-3 months.
Sometimes winemakers prefer to make rosé wine because they find it more aromatic and tasty. This requires the following ingredients:
- fifteen kilograms of berries;
- 550-600 grams of granulated sugar;
First, the berries are poured into a saucepan and choke with your hands. After that, the container is closed with gauze and transferred to a dark place to ferment. Three days later, with the help of gauze, the juice is filtered, which is poured into a jar and stirred with sugar. The containers are closed with a water seal and left to ferment for a month and a half.
People who dislike sweet wines prefer to prepare semi-sweet drinks. For this you will need:
- thirty kilograms of white grapes;
- five liters of water;
- five kilos of granulated sugar.
The grapes are crushed in advance and placed in a wooden barrel, after which it is transferred for 4-5 days to a place with a temperature of about 25 degrees Celsius. Then all the juice is mixed with sugar and poured into glass jars. A special water seal is placed on the container, which is removed after 2-3 months. After fermentation, the liquid is filtered and poured into bottles.
Some winemakers add honey to the liquid instead of granulated sugar. To prepare a drink according to this recipe, you must:
- ten liters of freshly squeezed grape juice;
- 3-4 kilograms of honey;
- 8-9 liters of water;
- 35 grams of wine yeast.
First, the juice is mixed with water and honey. The liquid is stirred for 5-7 minutes, after which yeast is added to it. Then you can put a water seal on the container and transfer them to a warm place for two and a half months.
When fermentation stops, the liquid is filtered and bottled.
Wine drinks can be prepared not only from fresh, but also from frozen grapes. To make it, you need to prepare the following products:
- 35-40 kilograms of frozen berries;
- 5-7 kilos of sugar;
- five liters of water;
- one hundred grams of yeast.
Frozen fruits are ground and mixed with yeast. Then the filled jars are covered with a cloth and transferred for a week and a half for fermentation. The mixture should ferment at a temperature of twenty degrees Celsius. Fermented juice is filtered, mixed with water and sugar. The wort is poured into clean bottles, closed with a water seal and fermented for another three months.
To make a drink according to this recipe, you will need:
- one and a half kilos of raisins;
- 350 grams of sugar;
- two liters of water.
All raisins are carefully sorted out and washed with water. Then it is poured into a container and poured with hot sugar syrup. After two weeks, the liquid must be drained into another container and allowed to ferment. A month later, when the wine is completely fermented, it is distributed in bottles.
Storage options for homemade wine
In order for a tasty wine not to spoil for a long time, it is necessary to store it correctly. For storage of wine drinks, it is recommended to use cellars, since the temperature in them is at the level of 12-15 degrees Celsius.
Delicious wine drinks are made from grape berries. However, before preparing such a wine, you need to familiarize yourself with the recipes for its creation and storage features.