Main characteristics of the case

The garden of the house if cared for in a timely manner can become a private oasis to enjoy a moment of relaxation. In addition to furnishings and plants, another element can further enrich your green space: the pond. But we must start by making a small introduction. Often we talk about the pond and the pond as if they were the same thing. In reality there are differences between the two. The pond in fact compared to the artificial lake is less deep, just think that its maximum depth reaches the level of half a meter. It also has a richer vegetation, which can float on the surface or be submerged. The pond can therefore be seen as a real microcosm populated by its flora and fauna, for which a good survival is to respect certain rules. For example, the dimensions of the pond must not be too small, since the life of the beings that live in it depends on the quantity of water that can contain it, also influencing the ability of the flora and fauna to react to sudden changes in temperature without suffering damage.

How to make a pond in a domestic garden

To create a pond in your backyard with the DIY technique, it is good to follow some small rules for a successful outcome. First of all it is essential not to make it in masonry, rather it is preferable to move towards the realization with a PVC sheet, easily available on the market. First of all it is necessary to identify a strategic point in which to place it, generally the lowest point where the water would naturally tend to collect. Furthermore, the size of the space available in the garden must be taken into account. Once this is done, mark what will be the shore of the pond and proceed to the excavation of the desired depth, at the end of which the residues that could compromise the laying of the sheet must be removed. Before laying the sheet it is good to place a layer of sand on the bottom of the hole, which will act as a bearing. After positioning it is necessary to anchor the edges of the sheet with the use of garden rocks. Finally, a layer of substrate and rocks of various sizes will be placed on the bottom that will be the habitat for the plants and fauna of the water mirror.

How to furnish and populate a pond

After setting up the cloth in the pond bed, proceed to furnishing. To fill and decorate it you can arrange plants and ornamental rocks along the shore. As far as the pond population is concerned, various specimens of flora and fauna can coexist. Plants can be submerged and floating (or hydrophytes) or semi-floating (helophytes). These adorn the edge of the pond and contribute to the oxygenation of the water. The most commonly used aquatic plants are canes, water lilies and cattails. As far as fauna is concerned, it is generally made up of animals that live in shallow waters or even on land. You can insert fish, frogs, turtles, beetles or even geese, depending on the space available. Key factors for flora and fauna are lighting and temperature. In fact, photosynthesis of plants depends on light, so the presence of floating plants, causing shaded areas, will hinder this process in submerged plants. The temperature is then kept under control, especially in summer to preserve plants and animals in the pond.

Tin: How to perform maintenance

The first aspect to take care of is always the cleanliness of the water, given that it contains living creatures. To do this, dead floating leaves must be eliminated regularly because they could compromise the correct oxygenation of the water, especially in winter. For the same reason it is useful to make sure that in the cold season a sheet of ice does not form on the surface. This can be avoided by leaving some tree trunks floating inside the pond. Maintenance must be carried out every year, in the period between the end of summer and the beginning of autumn. This is to ensure that the pond animals are still active and not hibernating, and can move away freely during operations. Furthermore, the smaller the size of the water basin, the more often the maintenance of the same will be carried out.