Types of hedges
There are many hedge plants, but to choose the one that best suits your needs, you need to assess what their intended use is. For example, they can be used to protect the privacy of your garden or repair it from strong winds: in this case they are perfect tall and thick species. If you want to create an outlined perimeter, lower and wider hedges are enough. When optimal hedge plants have been chosen, it is necessary to assess that the final results can satisfy the minimum distances provided for by the Civil Code before planting. In fact the plants can be placed only at 50 cm at least from the border of the property. Consequently it is good to keep in mind what the subsequent development of the species is, so as not to have to face problems once they have grown.
How to grow them
Before planting the hedge plants, the soil must be specially prepared, fertilizing it with organic compost to favor optimal development of the specimens. Secondly, regular water supplies must be guaranteed. Furthermore, during the first few years it is advisable to add natural fertilizers and practice regular weeding. In most cases a hedge is formed by adopting specimens of the same species or of the same genus: in this way a harmonious, pleasant and uniform result is obtained, which is easier to look after. To have a hedge in which colors and blooms alternate over time, different species of evergreen plants can be adopted, characterized by a different cycle of seasonality. However, keep in mind that varieties require different care.
The hedges of photinia and hibiscus
The hibiscus is native to Asia, but for centuries it has spread to European countries: in fact it allows the creation of very decorative hedges. This species reaches 2-3 meters in height, is very ramified, has an erect habit and the flowering goes from the beginning of spring to mid-autumn. It is also characterized by beautiful pink and purple bell-shaped flowers. These hedge plants are very robust and therefore do not need special care; they live well even if the winters are harsh. Another hedge plant is the Photinia, very widespread and appreciated for its decorative leaves of a beautiful bright red and for being easily cultivated. Very robust and able to adapt to almost any situation, the Photinia can be used to create borders, high hedges or decorative compositions. It is an evergreen plant, however the period of greatest development occurs in spring.
Hedge Plants: Cypress and Boxwood
Leyland cypress is among the most appreciated hedge plants because it allows you to create real green walls that protect privacy in the garden. It is a hybrid and belongs to the genus of conifers; it is characterized by having a fine and soft vegetation and for being very robust, very resistant to diseases and cold. It has a fast growth, even if its root system is quite small: consequently it is better that it does not grow over 4 meters in height. The boxwood is also an evergreen species; there are many varieties, including the dwarf one. Native to Japan, these hedge plants have slow growth and remarkable adaptability; however they do not tolerate cold below zero. So it is good not to plant them in high mountain areas or in a harsh climate.