Garden

Passionflower


How to water the passion flower


Of many different species and characterized by beautiful flowers in different colors, the passion flower is a robust plant that can be grown both in pots and buried in the garden and give splendid blooms. The various species of passionflower, although very resistant, being of tropical origin, is not recommended to plant them in places where the temperature drops and remains below zero for a long time. The root system of all varieties of passionflower is sensitive to low temperatures, especially in association with humidity and frequent rains that could cause the soil to freeze. Belonging to the Passifloraceae family, there are more than 500 species of passionflower, both in the form of climbing shrub that has a lianose growth (fall bushes). If buried in a pot, to make the plant grow luxuriantly, it is necessary to water the passionflower abundantly throughout the summer, but avoiding stagnation in the saucer. However, be careful in the case of placing the plant in the garden, the roots must not be buried in correspondence of depressions of the ground, because the accumulations of rainwater, could cause stagnation and cause the plant to rot.

How to cultivate passionflower



The various species of passionflower offer cheerful and colorful blooms throughout the summer until the first colds arrive. Characterized by large flowers, a new and original shape, intense colors in contrast with the bright green of the foliage, the passionflower plants have a woody stem and very dense and intricate ramifications. suitable for coverings and pergolas perhaps in association with other creepers. They are not difficult to grow plants, bearing in mind that despite their tropical origin, they resist well even in the cold, provided that the roots are not in contact with frost and humidity for too long .All varieties of passionflower are best placed in areas and environments with temperatures starting from 10 ° C. To cultivate the plant properly and let it grow luxuriantly, it is necessary to place it in sunny, airy and dry areas, possibly exposed to the South. The passionflower in jar can be outdoors even during the cold season, just protect the pot and the roots from the frost and if any deciduous variety, in March it will return to germinate more vigorous than ever.

Soil and how to fertilize passion flower



To grow the passionflower in a pot and as a small plant make it become a big climber, it is necessary every year to repot it to early Spring. When the plant has reached the size suitable for a 30/35 cm pot, in the same period it will be sufficient to remove and replace a layer of 2 or 3 cm of new soil.The vases most suited to the passionflower plant are those in earthenware or unglazed earthenware, because they favor the transpiration of the roots, preferably in the absence of a saucer.The soil must allow the drainage of water, with a mixture of soil and sand, suitable for facilitating drainage. Fertilization can be performed from Spring until the end of Summer, with fertilizers containing: nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, magnesium, etc. better if in liquid form, to be diluted in water when watering the plant. To obtain a greater thickening of the leaves it is necessary to use fertilizers containing higher doses of nitrogen, while to favor and enhance the flowering of the passionflower, the greater answer is provided by the special fertilizing mixtures for flowering plants, containing among the nutritive elements, higher percentages of potassium.

Passionflower: How to prune and eliminate pests



Being a climbing type bush, passion flower tends to grow quickly and in all possible directions. To prevent it from weakening and ensuring that it maintains the greatest possible strength in all its parts, it is necessary to prune it at the end of Winter.To prune the passionflower it is essential to choose sunny and cool days, especially in the absence of humidity, environmental factors that facilitate the drying of wounds caused by cuts. Pruning must be done with sharp tools, in a clear and precise way, any fraying causes late healing, responsible for the intrusion of parasites in the plant. Passion flower could also be attacked by aphids, plant lice and cochineal, but the most common disease is the Cucumber mosaic virus or CMV, or the "cucumber mosaic virus" transmitted by aphids. Recognizing this disease is easy, the plant of Passiflora begins to weaken and to have deformed and yellow-stained leaves. CMV is difficult to completely eradicate, but it can be kept under control with special sprays and at the beginning of Spring it is possible to prevent it with broad-spectrum insecticides.