The nature of the terrain
To properly design gardens, it is important to properly assess the nature of the soil to allow for healthy plant growth and to determine which areas to devote to species with special nutritional needs such as acidophilic plants and cacti. First of all check the consistency of the soil, which can be sandy or clayey; then the color, the soil can be white, red and rich in clay, gray limestone with stagnant water. The depth of the ground is equally important, ranging from a few centimeters to over a meter and finally the ability to retain water. An ideal terrain for cultivation is a soil with the right proportion of clay and sand. Evaluating possible lack of the land, it will also be easy to adopt measures to correct the structure.
In the design of the gardens the various spots of color and the effects given by the shade of the foliage must be considered. The basic color of the garden is certainly the green, especially with evergreen leaves such as pitosforo, viburnum or privet will be a perfect background. An area with a warm red color can be formed from berberis or Japanese maple, sage, lavender and santolina will create a fresh and inviting atmosphere with their purple, blue and white flowers. It is important that in the garden there is a golden spot, a bright and sunny note, which can be obtained by planting species such as boxwood or golden elder. Finally, an area with bright and varied colors obtained thanks to flowering plants and shrubs and creepers that present an intense and abundant flowering.
In the design of a garden, the style chosen must first reflect the surrounding environment, be consistent with the place where it is located and respect the needs of everyday life. A formal garden will be characterized by linearity and symmetry and a geometric use of plants and water. Water is an element of style to be considered in various types of gardens, it can be inserted in the form of tanks, ponds or even fountains if space is reduced. In the formal garden the evergreens and a sober pavement will prevail, perhaps in white or gray stone. The naturalistic garden gives way to a mixture of colors and plants, the lines are undulating and as far as plants are concerned, colored wildflowers like poppies, violets, cornflowers and mallow are preferred.
Design Gardens: Design Tips
The garden represents an extension of the interior space, and must therefore be a welcoming and functional place such as the living room of your home or bedroom, a living space where you feel at ease. It is therefore necessary to follow some general guidelines in the design. Avoid choosing for flooring materials that are too delicate or too light, provide an area that will act as a barrier against wind and cold. In choosing the plants, select the species to grow based on the style of the garden and in harmony with the local landscape. Avoid planting hedges that are too high so as not to shade them too much and place the trees at the right distance from each other. Provide a hidden area where to put garden tools or other storage material.