The Vesuvio Park, is articulated around the Vesuvius volcano, still active and among the most important in continental Europe. It is located in the Piana Campana, the landscape that can be admired is derived from the geological upheavals of millions of years ago. The fertile lands of Parco Vesuvio are due to the minerals contained in the lava. This fecundity made this territory very sought after, in fact it was colonized immediately after the birth of Christ by the Greeks and then by the Romans. The biodiversity of the Vesuvio Park is determined by the volcanic presence: the caldera del Somma and the Gran Cono del Vesuvio. The first is formed by the homonymous mountain, the second is within an ancient caldera of the first and is of more recent constitution. The maximum height reached is of the Gran Cono del Vesuvio, with 1281 mt.
Flora and fauna of the Vesuvius Park
The flora and fauna of the Vesuvio Park are extremely interesting. The two sides, the Vesuvian one and the Sommese one, have a very different vegetation. In fact, the former is drier and more arid and forestation is the work of man, to prevent landslides and landslides. Its slopes are covered with Mediterranean scrub. The Somma side is much more humid and wooded. The Vesuvius Park complex boasts 610 plant species, most of which are Mediterranean. Also the fauna in the Vesuvio Park is rich and varied, the presence of the Topo quercino stands out, almost extinct in the rest of Italy. Then we can find: the Moscardino, the Faina, the Volpe, the Wild Rabbit and the Hare, a great variety of birds populate the skies of the park and among the amphibians we can see the Emerald Toad.
Reach the Parco Vesuvio
The Vesuvius Park is located in Campania, in the province of Naples, the municipalities included in the territory are: Boscoreale, Boscotrecase, Ercolano, Massa di Somma, Ottaviano, Pollena-Trocchia, San Giuseppe Vesuviano, San Sebastiano al Vesuvio, Sant'Anastasia, Somma Vesuviana, Terzigno, Torre del Greco and Trecase. To reach the Vesuvius Park, exit the A3 at Torre del Greco or Ercolano, then follow the directions for the chosen access. The entrances to the park are: Somma Vesuviana, Ottaviano, Boscotrecase, Ercolano. To get to the slope of Somma, go along the state road 268 that you take in Naples, instead, coming from Nola, go along the highway 166. All municipalities of the Vesuvio Park, can be reached by train, by the Circumvesuviana Railway .
Vesuvius Park: Environmental Education of the Vesuvio Park
The environmental education of the Vesuvio Park is closely linked to a social project, that is to protect and promote the territory, its natural environment and its characteristics. Furthermore, the park aims to enhance the culture, history and tradition of the countries that are an integral part of it. To develop these themes, the Vesuvio Park has promoted twinning with some schools and other parks, has drawn up a memorandum of understanding and conducts information campaigns for the rediscovery of old traditional tools and old fairy tales. The park authority has organized important conferences and seminars for the creation and dissemination of educational packages, aimed above all at first-cycle schools. These concern the peculiarities of the flora and fauna, the geological and landscape features, the paths and the itineraries of the park.