If the furnishing of a room is important, the elements that combine to make it as warm and welcoming as possible are no less important. Placing a plant allows you to give completeness, as well as beauty, to any living room, to a kitchen, to a bedroom. When choosing the species to be placed in the chosen room, it must be taken into account that there are some born as specimens that prefer interiors and that, therefore, will be the ones to be preferred. In the long list of indoor plants stand the names of the traditional Christmas star, which has now become an integral part of our Christmas decorations, the cyclamen, which does not disdain outdoor environments, the orchid, with the unique shape of its flowers and beauty of their pale color, and the gardenia, imposing and elegant with the delicacy of its wide white flowers.
Gardenia is a species native to Asia and southern Africa, now spreading like wildfire also in Italy in the most common variant of Gardenia jasminoides. Not everyone knows that the family from which this particular plant full of white flowers derives is the same to which we owe the existence of coffee: that of the Rubiaceae. The plant, although it lends itself well to living indoors, is born as an outdoor plant. If well cared for, in fact, in the open air it can reach a height of 2m, against the more contained one that characterizes indoor gardenias. It is distinguished by being an evergreen shrub, with glossy leaves of intense color and white or slightly striped flowers that grow singularly at the apex of the branches and inebriate, with their pleasant and intense perfume, all the space that surrounds them.
How to cure gardenia during the year?
Despite being a plant that loves the outdoors, during the summer its life is put to the test by high temperatures. If the heat is excessive it is preferable to move it to a shaded area. During the winter, however, attention must be paid to temperature drops and any drafts. When watering it should be used warm and not calcareous water. It is also advisable to spray the leaves without directly wetting the flowers, which otherwise tend to turn yellow. Gardenia is a plant that loves humidity but does not stagnate in the saucer, which should therefore be avoided. A practical and efficient solution is to fill the saucer with expanded clay, so as not to leave stagnant water while keeping the plant moist.
Gardenia plant: The times of gardenia: repotting, flowering, pruning
Repotting is a delicate operation. The operation must be carried out in spring, between March and April, being very careful not to damage the roots. For an optimal yield it is necessary to use a mixed soil: fertile earth, peat, sand and bits of coal. The flowering period is variable according to the species in question, but usually it fills with buds between spring and summer. it should be done immediately after flowering, mainly to ensure that the growth is homogeneous. During the summer period, the vegetative apices are trimmed to make the plant more dense. The tool used must be sterilized, preferably with a flame, to avoid infecting the tissues with insects and parasites.